Religion, Democracy, and Constitutional Politics in Iran

Mohammad Mosaddegh

Iran has been embroiled in a struggle for popular sovereignty, equality, religious reform, and civil rights in the last century. As the books and articles in this section demonstrate the tensions and conflicts among three competing forms of political legitimacy--monarchical, republican, and theocratic—have shaped the political trajectory of Iran.


"Iran’s 1907 constitution and its sources: a critical comparison." Article co-authored with Eric Massie. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 46, no. 3, 2019. Link

“Ali Akbar Dehkhoda: Literary Accomplishments and Religious Reforms of Sur-e Esrafil." Article co-authored with John Perry in Iran Nameh 2: 1 (Spring 2016): 6-27. Link

“Foundation for Religious Reform in the First Pahlavi Era.” Article published in Iran Nameh 3: 30 (Fall 2015): 64-87. Link

“The Place of Shi’i Clerics in the First Iranian Constitution.” Article published in Critical Research on Religion 1 (Fall 2013): 327-346. Link

The Iranian Constitutional Revolution, 1906-1911 Persian Edition 

During formation of Iran’s first constitution, a variety of forces played key roles in overthrowing a repressive regime. The research sheds new light on the role of ordinary citizens and peasantry, the status of Iranian women, and the multifaceted structure of Iranian society. More